Rohtasgarh Fort is one of the ancient forts of India which was constructed in the city of Rohtas situated on the banks of Sone river. In spite of being bound hand and foot, the fakir escaped unhurt each time. It is a double gate. This mosque is built into the fortification wall i.e. Rohtas Fort Pakistan History After defeating Mughal emperor Humayun in 1541, Sher Shah Suri built a strong fortified complex upon a hill top at Rohtas, to prevent Humayun’s return. It is on the eastern side of the fort. It takes around two hours from Sasaram to reach the foot of the hill over which is the Rohtas fort. Rohtas Fort was built in 16th century near Jhulem in Dina by Sher Shah Suri to help the rebellious tribes of the Potohar against Mughal emperor Humayun and Gakhar tribes. This was regarded as a bad omen and the name became "Talaqi". Haibat Khan, a trustworthy soldier of Sher Shah built the Jami Masjid in 1543 AD, which lies to the west of the fort. Among the gates that adorn the Fort, the Sohail Gate is … Sher Shah requested the ruler of Rohtas that he wanted to leave his women, children and treasure in the safety of the fort, while he was away fighting in Bengal. The hill on which the fort is situated has the height of 1500m. There are seven battlements along the outer face of the Sohail gate. " Qila Rohtas is a garrison fort and could hold a force of up to 30,000 men. Some parts of the fort were built with bricks.The fort is irregular in shape and follows the contours of the hill it was constructed on. D. Haro. Rohtas Fort was built on a hill overlooking a gorge where the Kahan River meets a seasonal stream called Parnal Khas within the Tilla Jogian Range.  Rohtas was also thereafter used for administrative purposes by the Sikh Empire until its collapse by the British in 1849.. From the fourth floor one can get a bird's eye view of the surrounding area. It blends architectural and artistic traditions from Turkey and the Indian sub-continent to create the model for Mughal architecture. The Aina Mahal, the palace of the chief wife of Man Singh, is in the middle of the palace. This gates name derives from "Talaq" (divorce). The outer wall of the mosque is the fortification wall itself. After about 100 meters to your left you will find a signpost, which indicates the way towards the road leading to Rohtas Fort which is 8 km away, past the small holy village of Muftian home to the Mufti Tribe. It takes around two hours from Sasaram to reach the foot of the hill over which is the Rohtas fort. One day visit to Rohtas fort Near Jehlum (Dina). Situated about 32 kms south-west of the town of Sasaram and about the same distance north-west of Rohtasgarh Fort on the bank of the river Sone, it is a natural hill fort sited amidst gorgeous scenery with the top of the rock having a natural rampart well-fortified by a number of bastions and bulwarks. 8 ... “The Attock Fort is situated about 101 km west of Islamabad on the left bank of the Indus River. There are 3 Baolis in the fort. The most expansive structure within the palace is, however, the Takhte Badshahi, where Man Singh himself resided. It blends architectural and artistic traditions from Turkey and the Indian sub-continent to create the model for Mughal architecture. The fort was never popular with the Mughals because of its military character. Most of these are engravings in Arabic and sunflowers.  The enclosed section served as a citadel for elites.  Its opening is 3.15 meters (10.3 feet) wide, and is flanked by two bastions on either side of the opening. Criterion (iv): "Rohtas Fort is an exceptional example of the Muslim military architecture of central and south Asia during the 16th century. The fort was used by the Marathas as a frontier post for their operations in Peshawar and Attock. The hill on which the fort is situated has the height of 1500m. Other notable sites nearby include the 16th-century Rohtas Fort, the Tilla Jogian complex of ancient temples, and the 16th-century Grand Trunk Road which passes through the city. The prayer chamber is 19.2 meter long and 7.3 meter deep. His daughter was then married to Sher Shah's favourite general Khawas Khan Marwat. The reason is that they were allies of the Gakhars and consequently needed no troops to maintain their hold over this area. It was inscribed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 1997 for being an "exceptional example of the Muslim military architecture of Central and South Asia." Construction work on the Rohtas fort began in about 1541 A.D and was finished 10 years later after Sher Shah’s death. Ultimately he was buried in the cave. The fort lies eight kilometers south of the Grand Trunk Road. It places function over form. Industries: There are a number of industries in and around Jhelum city, including … This Baoli has 148 steps. It has a prayer chamber and a small courtyard. For the visitor, they are exhausting climb of an hour and a half. Rohtas Fort is a 16th-century fortress located near the city of Jhelum in the Pakistani province of Punjab.  It consists of an inner and outer gate which encloses a step-well. 5 – Every year, thousands of tourists visit Rohtas Fort. It is a four-storied building, with a cupola on top. This fort was built in a style that draws from Turkish, Middle Eastern, and South Asian artistic traditions.. It is near the Kabuli Gate for the Royal family. khangeepakistani (khangeepakistani) 2007-04-19 13:39:00 +0500 #6. On the outer wall of the mosque are beautiful round designs in which Islamic verses are written in Naqsh script. Sarang Khan was then killed. Derawar Fort. There is no match to his good fortune The Rohtas fort was built to crush the local tribes of Potohar, who rebelled against the Sur dynasty after the Mughal emperor … 3 – This is a wonderful place to have some great photo-shoots. The sunflower motif is on each sides of the arches of Shahi Mosque. There is also located a dipilated pond in front of this gate within the fort, since the construction of the fort, for this reason it is now called "Sar Gate" as "Sar" means water pond. It is the largest of the gates and was made in 1597 AD. There is a bastion next to this gate. There are no surviving examples of military architecture of this period on the same scale in the South Asia which survive to the same degree of completeness and conservation. It is approximately 3 km from Khukha. One is the Rohtasan, a temple of Lord Shiva. The third floor has a tiny cupola, which opens into the women' quarters. The king agreed and the first few palanquins had women and children. It is in the middle of the Fort for soldiers, elephants, horses etc. The stay order is still effective but no subsequent government has pursued its execution and has allowed the fort residents to reside there.  Emperor Jahangir rested here for a single night while going to Kashmir for a rest. It is also outstanding by virtue of the refinement and high artistic value of its decorative elements, notably its high- and low-relief carvings, its calligraphic inscriptions in marble and sandstone, its plaster decoration, and its glazed tiles. Most of the fort parts destroyed during the 2005 earth quake. C. Soan.  The Afsharid ruler Nadir Shah camped at the fort during his attack on the Mughal Empire. These tiles are found on Shishi gate. This small mosque known as Shahi masjid is near the Kabuli gate.  The Gakhar tribes were allies of the Mughal Empire, and refused to recognize the suzerainty of Sher Shah Suri. . It is a one-storey structure. The sanctum of the temple faces two porch-ways. The Naskh script is used. , The origin of the fort goes back to the Sur dynasty, where emperor Sher Shah Suri ordered the fort to be constructed after his victory over the Mughal emperor Humayun. 8 km from GT road ,Dina edit; Jhelum River Bridge. In 1758, the Marathas invaded the Punjab and took Rohtas Fort. Most of the structures named forts in India are actually fortresses  but are nevertheless called forts due to British nomenclature. It was completed by Shahu Sultan. Rohtas Fort – The Unknown Adventure of Pakistan Rohtas Fort is a 16th-century fortress located near the city of Jhelum in the Pakistani province of Punjab. One can also easily reach Rohtas fort via Rasoolpur. Just past Dina you will drive over a railway overpass, stay to the right of the road and take the first U-turn to drive back towards Dina. This is a small entrance seems to be developed by breaking main wall (outer boundary) at latter stage by the locals as a short passage to an adjacent jungle. A. Jehlum. The foundation of the four rooms can still be seen today. Rohtas Garh is one of the Vast, ancient and glorious fort. The wall is built in sandstone laid in lime mortar mixed with brick. During the Sher Shah's reign 10000-armed men guarded the fort. The fort has been ruined and now cannot be accessed easily due to Naxalite activities. Location. There are 12 gates of the fort. The Kabuli gate derives its name from the fact that it opens towards the northwest in the general direction of Kabul. After the decline of the Mughals, the Marathas gained most of their territories in North India. He said the following about its location: This fort was founded in a cleft and the strength of it cannot be imagined. It can be reached easily from the Dehri town, which has very good road network. The city was founded to commemorate the death of Alexander's horse, Bucephalus, and was originally called Bucephala. Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis, List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Pakistan, "Rohtas fort — the treasure of Potohar - The Express Tribune", https://books.google.com/books?id=Ifs9AQAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=history+of+punjab+from+aurangzeb+to+mountbatten&hl=en&sa=X&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=Timur%20Shah%20Rohtas&f=false, Rohtas Conservation page on the Himalayan Wildlife Foundation website, List of cultural heritage sites in Punjab, Pakistan, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rohtas_Fort&oldid=992305610, Cultural heritage sites in Punjab, Pakistan, Articles with dead external links from January 2017, All Wikipedia articles written in Pakistani English, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Complete restoration of Shah Chandwali Gate, Conservation of Talaqi Gate and Gatali Gate, Establishment of Sher Shah Suri Museum in upper storey of Sohail Gate, Improvement of quality of life in Rohtas Fort village. The gate may have been built in two stages. These verses are surrounded by a Lilly going around the Naqsh script. Proximity to the Naxalite -affected areas has rendered the fort quiet inaccessible in recent times. D. Haro. Zafar Chughtai the chairman of Rohtas opposed the stay order from government declaring that no government will take the properties of Rohtas locals. The inside of the roof is decorated with flowers, geometrical patterns and fake windows. The Lilly design was later used by Mughals in Tomb of Jahangir, Tomb of Nur Jehan and the Shah Burj Gate in Lahore Fort.  Construction of the fort began in 1541. The outer gate is 12.8 meters (42 feet) wide and 8 meters (26 feet) deep. It was built in 1541 and survives intact til today. One of these is about one mile (1.6 km) north of the Rohtas Fort. On which river Rohtas Fort was constructed by Sher Shah Suri: January 16, 2019 by Admin. B. Indus. Now only 84 steps are left, which lead to a temple. It is one of the largest fort in world. Rohtas Fort was designated a World Heritage Site in 1997, having met the following inclusion criteria: Criterion (ii): "Rohtas Fort blends architectural and artistic traditions from Turkey and the Indian subcontinent to create the model for Mughal architecture and its subsequent refinements and adaptations. On the southern side of the gate is the Shahi (Royal) Mosque because of which many people also call it Shahi (Royal) Darwaza (Gate or Door). Emperor Jahangir again stayed here when he was being forced to go to Kabul by Mahabat Khan. The gate derives its name from the beautiful glazed tiles used to decorate its outer arch. The Gatali Gate forms one of the original entrances to Rohtas. There were many encounters with the British where the latter were at a disadvantage, for the jungles and the tribal in them were of great help to the Indian soldiers. Are seven battlements along the River banks, Prince Sabir Suri entered the gate lies the GT... 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